diff options
authorMaik Teurlings <>2008-06-10 19:29:26 (GMT)
committerMaik Teurlings <>2008-06-10 19:29:26 (GMT)
commit7428394962018addd5fcff66fa666196503de117 (patch)
parent781ab6e500413e6063c312ba6e4c3789b60e4045 (diff)
1 files changed, 62 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/report/headtracking.tex b/report/headtracking.tex
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-Head Tracking
+Our main goal for the head tracking, is to render the virtual world
+in perspective with the positions of the eyes. If the eyes are moving
+the perspectives of the virtual world must be changed in a way the
+person thinks he is looking into a "virtual window". To make a
+virtual world we use a view frustum. A view frustum is the region of
+space in the modeled world that may appear on the screen. The frustum
+is a pyramid from the view point to the far plane. The pyramid is
+truncated at the near plane, hence the name frustum. Only the things
+between in the pyramid between the near and far plane is visible from
+the viewpoint. In the figure below you see a scheme of the frustum.
+\begin {center}
+ \includegraphics[width=99.7mm]{img/frustumscheme.png} \\
+ Figure \#\#: Frustum \\
+\end {center}
+In the next figure you see the objects which can be viewed by the
+view point. The green object can be seen totally, the yellow
+partially and the red object can't be seen.
+\begin {center}
+ \includegraphics[width=81.5mm]{img/frustumobjects.png} \\
+ Figure \#\#: Frustum \\
+\end {center}
+ If the viewpoint is moving, the frustum
+will be different. We use the the glFrustum function of the OpenGL
+library to set the frustum at his new values. This is a function who
+multiply the current matrix with a
+perspective matrix. \\\\
+The specification of glFrustum is as follows:
+void glFrustum( GLdouble left,
+ GLdouble right,
+ GLdouble bottom,
+ GLdouble top,
+ GLdouble zNear,
+ GLdouble zFar )
+The parameters left and right will specify the coordinates for the
+left and right vertical of the near plane. The parameters bottom and
+top will specify the coordinates for the bottom and top horizontal of
+the near plane. The zNear, zFar Specify the distances to the near and
+far depth clipping planes.
+To calculate the left, right, bottom en top we use the coordinates of
+the persons eyes. How the coordinates are retrieved and calculated to
+the world values can be read in the previous chapter. We now set a
+frustum with the near clipping plane at $(-1/2 world width, -1/2
+world height, 0), (1/2 world width, 1/2 world height, 0)$ with the
+eye at position \emph{(Eye Coordinate X, Eye Coordinate Y, Eye
+Coordinate Z)}. But because OpenGL expects the eye at position
+\emph{(0,0,0)} when specifying a frustum, we have to specify our near
+clipping plane with \emph{(- Eye Coordinate X, - Eye Coordinate Y, -
+Eye Coordinate Z)} as its origin, and translate the modelview matrix
+to \emph{(- Eye Coordinate X, - Eye Coordinate Y, - Eye Coordinate
+Z)} , such that the world origin is in the center of the screen. In
+order to allow objects to appear in front of the screen we move the
+near clipping plane closer to the eye position, without changing the
+frustum. Below you see the demo application of the head tracking
+\begin {center}
+ \includegraphics[width=100mm]{img/HeadTrackScreenShot.png} \\
+ Figure \#\#: The head track demo application \\
+\end {center}